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Enacting a Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan

Concern about the negative impacts generated by mobility is growing in society as citizens perceive how these impacts are affecting quality of life, particularly in urban areas.

A Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan (SUMP) is a tool for cities to create a modern, sustainable transport system. To be effective, it should provide an integrated approach to all modes of transport while taking into account planning for the surrounding environment.

A successful transport policy is one that improves safety and security, reduces air and noise pollution, lowers emissions and energy consumption, improves efficiency and cost-effectiveness of transportation, and enhances the attractiveness and quality of the urban environment and urban design.

A Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan builds on the existing regulatory and policy frameworks as well as the existing planning practices and considers integration, participation and evaluation principles. It requires:

  • a participatory approach involving citizens and stakeholders from the outset and throughout the process of decision-making, implementation and evaluation; building local capacities for handling complex planning issues; and ensuring gender equity
  • a pledge for sustainability
  • an integrated approach
  • a focus on the achievement of measurable targets
  • a review of transport costs and benefits
  • a method.

The plan should have the positive effect of fostering a culture among planners and decision makers to strive for the truly sustainable development of urban transport.

Some measures that can be included in a Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan are described in the following best practices:

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